All those who help provide the support we need to be awarded projects and execute them are our partners. They reflect the diversity of our spheres and areas of activity.
Our first partner, naturally, is the French legal community, which we enlist for purposes of our activities. This specific quality also leads us to work with other agencies, domestic or foreign, with complementary skills.
Actors in the french justice system
In France, our primary partners are our members.
More broadly, we maintain close relations with all institutions within the French legal and judicial landscape:
The Court of Cassation and its Prosecutor-General
the Council of State
the High Judicial Council
All courts and tribunals
The different judicial schools:
- the National School of Grafts (ENG),
- the National School of Judicial Protection of Youth (ENPJJ).
Entities such as :
- the Foundation for Continental Law,
- the Association for Applied Criminal Policy and Social Reintegration (APCARS),
- and the National Association of Honorary Magistrates (ANAMHO).
The independent administrative authorities or public administrative institutions:
- Agency for the Management and Recovery of Seized and Confiscated Assets (AGRASC),
- the High Authority for Transparency in Public Life (HATVP),
- the National Financial Procuratorate (PNF),
- or the Human Rights Ombudsman
To this non-exhaustive list should be added the French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs and the General Secretariat for European Affairs, under the authority of the Prime Minister. JCI maintains close relations with these bodies because although they are not actors in the Justice system, they are nonetheless full participants in the definition of a French and European policy for legal cooperation.
French public agencies
JCI has the capacity to participate not only in “justice only” projects but also in bi- or multi-disciplinary projects with a justice component. We thus maintain relations with French public agencies whose expertise covers domains that are complementary to ours.
Initially informally federated in an “Alliance,” in 2015 these public agencies adopted a charter of good practice and fair competition. The signatories have pledged to work together to develop French expertise and increase its visibility.
Parallel to this, the law of 7 July 2014 on orientation and programming for international aid and development policy changed France’s international cooperation landscape, ordering the creation of a French bureau to bring together all French public agencies. The result of the merger of six agencies (including France Expertise Internationale, an agency of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, and ADETEF, an agency of the Ministries for Finance, the Budget and Sustainable Development), this bureau, named “Expertise France,” was established on 1st January 2015.
Alongside this, several agencies specialising in specific fields of competence, also known as “professional agencies,” have retained their independence: JCI, CIVIPOL, ADECIA, CFI, FVI, CIEP, SFERE, as well as the ENA and ENM (the latter serve as their own operators for specific projects).
Expertise France Partnership
Our partnership with Expertise France works in two ways:
- through the pooling of certain expenses (group insurance contracts to which Alliance members could subscribe, possible sharing of offices in mission locations, etc.)
- through our participation in large multidisciplinary projects that Expertise France is able to attract via the delegated loan management procedure, for which only Expertise France and AFD are accredited in France. One or the other will then resort by subdelegation to a specialised operator, competent to carry out the part assigned to it. The operator can thus take part in a project that would otherwise be inaccessible to it, and Expertise France can gain expert professional support through the partnership.
Since November 2018, JCI, Expertise France and the Ministry of Justice have signed a convention on the reform of international technical expertise. This agreement allows the division of activities between EF and JCI. This is a consensus, the common goal of stakeholders is to recognize the expertise of France abroad.
As a key French partner of JCI, the French Development Agency (AFD) increasingly brings us in on the projects it finances :
- either by directly attributing projects involving modest amounts but very precisely targeted to our field of expertise,
- or by entrusting us with the “technical assistance” component of substantial real estate projects such as the construction of courthouses or prison facilities.
We also bid on invitations to tender from AFD.
In terms of our partnerships with “professional” agencies, we have for example partnered with CIVIPOL for projects combining the themes of “justice” and “security,” and with SFERE for a project with “justice” and “educational engineering” components.
Our international partners are essentially agencies of other States with which JCI may establish consortia to present its candidature for projects, and if successful to execute such projects whether as a leader or partner in such consortia.
At present, these partners are essentially the German agencies GIZ – a general-purpose agency – and IRZ – JCI’s equivalent within the German Federal Ministry [for Justice] -, CILC in the Netherlands, the Spanish agencies FIIAPP and AECID, and Italy’s High Council of the Judiciary, bearing in mind that Italy has no such dedicated public agency.
More broadly, JCI maintains ties as well, amongst others, with the French Embassies and Delegations of the European Union to the countries where its projects are located but also the agencies of the AFD and the World Bank.